Home Maid: A “Home maid” can be defined in the scope of this paper as a female employee who does tasks like cleaning, cooking, washing, childcare and housekeeping activities within the confines of a home. In this paper, she may also be referred to as “domestic worker”, “maid” or “domestic help”. Migrant workers: The term “Migrant worker” can be defined as any person who migrates from his/ her own hometown or country for the purpose of finding employment. However, this paper includes only female migrant workers in its scope. ________________________________________________________________
The Maid – An Indispensable Social Entity.
Home maids are the pillars of nearly every household, employers depend on them to make sure that the household runs like clockwork. Although they play an important role, their contributions could often not be recognised and are undervalued. Women who are untrained in any skill and are uneducated are comfortable with the work of a maid and many of them perceive it as an extension of work done in one’s own home, although in a different socio-cultural situation.
Domestic work is one of the oldest occupations and it is still developing as a sphere where female workers are employed. The social and economic history of our country furnishes ample information that domestic work was the occupation of Sudras and slaves not only in the ancient period but also throughout the mediaeval age’s right up to the nineteenth century.1 Now the situation has changed, the domestic work is mainly performed by the females belonging to the poorer and less educated sections of the society. The large scale migration of single females has also attributed to the increase in the number of home maids.
The life of a maid is not an easy one. Majority of maids are the primary wage earners of their family and almost all of them have their own children to care for. Also, most of these women have alcoholics for husbands who torture...
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