Literary Elements

Topics: Guy de Maupassant, The Necklace, Physical Appearance Pages: 3 (712 words) Published: February 25, 2013
Literary Elements

Literary Elements

The following paper will discuss how symbolism and characters relate and contribute to the overall theme behind the story, “The Necklace.” Those symbols and characters suggest that just because something is perceived to be beautiful and worthy, that deception could be the reality.

The theme of a story is basically the idea behind the story (Clugston 2010). In Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace,” the theme could be concluded as being the idea that appearances are deceptive. For most people, appearances are the most important aspects in life. Social stature, wealth, and physical appearances can conflict with a person in regards to importance as seen by one ’s self and by others leading to deception. In the story Madame Loisel perceives herself as something she is not. She believes that she should be that of wealthy and lavished with material items. In reality she is of the middle class coming from a family of employees, not rich at all. To her, material items, looks, and social status are what make a person “wealthy.” The fact of having a loving husband, a comfortable home, and dinner on the table is of no importance because she does not have the diamonds, furs, or the extravagant house, which to her are the most important aspects of life.

A symbol is something that has literal meaning, but stands for something else (Clugston 2010). Symbolism is used numerous times in the story. When Matilde visits her friend that she envies, she is told to look through what seemed to be the most luxurious box housing numerous expensive pieces of jewelry. She did not realize that the box, in fact, housed a worthless piece of deception. Madame Loisel had a hard time deciding which would be the most affective when flaunting her so-called beauty at the party containing all the higher class people. The one that radiated the most was the one that best suited her. She was ignorant of the fact...
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